One might define vanity and pride as, respectively, abhorrent self-regard preceding action and sometimes leading to achievement; and abhorrent self-regard consequent upon achievement. Thus, vanity and pride are often found together, the former becoming the latter. Nevertheless, in spite of this close relation, there are distinctions. We can say, for example, that vanity is the patron vice of the arts, which live upon promise even in their achievements, and pride that of the sciences, for without delivery they are quite simply nothing.